Name of leader         Abdul Malik Rigi

 

Title                                    Emir   

 

Organization                   Jundullah

English Translation       Army of God

Conflict country             Iran

 

Gender                             Male   

    

Year of birth                    1979 (another source suggests 1983)

 

Place of birth                  Sistan & Balochistan, Iran

 

Year of death                   2010

 

 

Deceased

 

Yes[1]

 

Birth order

 

He appears to have one younger brother and one other brother, Abdul Rauf Rigi[2][3].

 

Age at start of rebel leadership

 

In 2003, at either age 20 or 24.[4]

 

Leader entry method:

He was the founder.[5]

 

Powersharing

 

No, based on multiple biographical sources there is no evidence of powersharing.

 

Education (also name universities attended, if any); note any relevant experiences while a student

 

“Although lacking any formal secular education, Rigi had been educated at Karachi's Binnori Town seminary, a Sunni Madrasah which was school to many of the Taliban leaders.”[6] In a personal interview he claims to have attended high school, although he did not finished it.[7]

 

Based on multiple biographical sources there is no evidence of Western education.           

 

Ever married? If yes, age of first marriage

 

Yes, but age of marriage is unknown.[8]

 

Children

 

He claimed to have three young children.[9]

 

Religious identification

 

He is a Sunni Muslim.[10]

 

Elite family background

 

He is unlikely to be of an elite background.[11]

 

Political affiliations and intellectual circles; note any relevant social connections made

 

No, likely any activities would be too closely related to the individual’s organization.

 

Physical and mental health

 

There is no evidence of poor physical or mental health.

 

Pre-militant leader occupation

 

He was an activist. “According to him, from the age of 19 he has taken up arms and carried out terrorist operations. ”[12]

 

Experience in a state military, and role; any relevant social ties

 

No, based on multiple biographical sources there is no evidence of state military experience.

 

Experience in a nonstate military, and role; any relevant social ties

 

No, he did not have nonstate military experience. 

 

Combat experience prior to assuming resistance organization leadership?

 

No, based on multiple biographical sources there is no evidence of combat experience.

 

Held government position prior to assuming leadership?

 

No, he did not hold a government position prior to assuming leadership.

 

Lived in exile?

 

Possibly, since he was living in Pakistan; however there is no direct evidence of exile.[13]

 

Study abroad?

 

No, based on multiple biographical sources there is no evidence of study abroad.

 

Did the leader receive military training abroad?

 

No, based on multiple biographical sources there is no evidence of military training abroad.

 

Did the leader have extensive work experience abroad?

 

No, he did not have extensive experience working abroad.

 

Serve time in prison? Social connections during that time?

 

Yes, “prior to founding Jundallah, while a teenager, Rigi was convicted of assault with a knife, for which he served time in prison.”[14] He was also arrested in February of 2010 and then executed in June (the 2010 arrest does not count since this was after he was leader).[15]

 

Was there an assassination attempt on the leader by the state?

 

No, there is no evidence of an assassination attempt.

 

Cause of Death?

 

He was hung in Iran due to his acts of terrorism.[16]

 

Primary language, and other languages spoken as adult

 

Likely Balochi was primary, and also Persian.[17]

 

Based on multiple biographical sources there is no evidence of English as a first or second language.

 

 

 

[1]Image credits: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Abdolmalek_Rigi_in_Islamic_Revolutionary_Court.jpg

 Ibid.

[2] Nazila Fathi, “Iran Executes Sunni Rebel Leader,” New York Times, June 20, 2010, Accessed January 21, 2018, http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/21/world/middleeast/21iran.html.

[3] Amir Mir, “The rise and fall of Rigi brothers,” BBC Arabic, January 2, 2011, Accessed January 21, 2018, http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:wYOthMnJ044J:metranspcm.cluster011.ovh.net/spip.php%3Fpage%3Darticle%26id_article%3D12265%26var_lang%3Den%26lang%3Den+&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us.

[4] Moign Khawaja, “Iran Executes Jundullah Founder Abdul Malik Rigi,” Foreign Policy Journal, June 20, 2010, Accessed January 21, 2018, https://www.foreignpolicyjournal.com/2010/06/20/iran-executes-jundullah-founder-abdul-malik-rigi/.

[5] Ibid.

[6] See f.n.3

[7] Willem Marx, “Double Agent,” Tablet, May 10, 2011, Accessed January 21, 2018, http://www.tabletmag.com/jewish-news-and-politics/66964/double-agent.

[8] Ibid.

[9] Ibid.

[10] Ibid.

[11] Ibid.

[12] See f.n.1

[13] B. Raman, “And Now Iran...,” Outlook India, October 19, 2009, Accessed January 21, 2018, https://www.outlookindia.com/website/story/and-now-iran/262392.

[14] See f.n.3

[15] See f.n.5

[16] Ibid.

[17] Abdulmalik Rigi, “The Most Wanted Man in Iran,” Interview by Dan Rather, Dan Rather Reports, April 24, 2008.