Name of leader         Malik Agar (Malik Aggar Eyre Gandof)

 

Organization                     SPLM/A-North

Conflict country               Sudan

 

Gender                               Male

    

Year of birth                      Around 1960[1]

 

Place of birth                    Ingessana Hills, Blue Nile State, Sudan[2]

 

Year of death                    N/A

 

 

Deceased

 

No, there is no evidence he has died.

 

Birth order

 

His birth order is unknown.

 

Age at start of rebel leadership

 

In 2011, probably around age 51.[3]

Leader entry method

 

“He was selected as the first Chairman of the new party in northern Sudan to replace SPLM Northern Sector.”[4]

Powersharing

 

No, there is no evidence of powersharing.

 

Education (also name universities attended, if any); note any relevant experiences while a student

 

He went to the University of Khartoum.[5]

 

Ever married? If yes, age of first marriage

 

Whether he was married is unknown.

 

Children

 

Whether he had children is unknown.

 

Religious identification

 

He is Muslim.[6]

 

Elite Family background

 

His family background is unknown.

 

Political affiliations and intellectual circles; note any relevant social connections made

Yes, “After the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement he became Minister of Investment in the Government of National Unity.”[7]

Physical and mental health

 

No, there is no evidence of poor physical or mental health.

 

Pre-militant leader occupation

 

He was a career politician.[8]

 

Experience in a state military, and role; any relevant social ties

 

No, there is no evidence of experience in a state military.

Experience in a nonstate military, and role; any relevant social ties

 

Yes, he joined the SPLM/A in 1986.[9] “In 1995, Agar commanded SPLA soldiers from Blue Nile as far away from their homeland as Western Equatoria in the far south-west of southern Sudan… [Also] Agar captured Kurmuk and Qaissan for the SPLA in January 1997.”[10]

Combat experience prior to assuming resistance organization leadership?

 

Very likely, as noted above.

Held government position prior to assuming leadership?

 

Yes, “after the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement he became Minister of Investment in the Government of National Unity. In July 2007 he gave up this position to become the Governor of Blue Nile state. He won the governorship in the April 2010 election.”[11]

Lived in exile?

 

No, there is no evidence he lived in exile.

 

Study abroad?

 

No, there is no evidence he studied abroad.

 

Did the leader receive military training abroad?

 

No, there is no evidence of military training abroad.

 

Did the leader have extensive work experience abroad?

 

No, there is no evidence he had extensive work experience abroad.

 

Serve time in prison? Social connections during that time?

 

No, there is no evidence he served time in prison.

 

Was there an assassination attempt on the leader by the state?

 

No, there is no evidence of an assassination attempt by the state.

Cause of Death?

 

N/A

 

Primary language, and other languages spoken as adult

 

Hs speaks Arabic as his primary language and English.

 

 

[1] Image Credit: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/eb/Malik_Agar_governor_2009-08-19.jpg/440px-Malik_Agar_governor_2009-08-19.jpg

“Malik Agar | Malik Aggar Eyre Gandof,” Sudan Tribune, Accessed September 18, 2017 http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?mot813.

[2] “Malik Agar | Malik Aggar Eyre Gandof,” Sudan Tribune, Accessed September 18, 2017 http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?mot813.

[3] James Currey, The Sudan Handbook (Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer Ltd, 2011), 208.

[4] James Currey, The Sudan Handbook (Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer Ltd, 2011), 208.

[5] James Currey, The Sudan Handbook (Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer Ltd, 2011), 208.

[6]  “Malik Agar | Malik Aggar Eyre Gandof,” Sudan Tribune, Accessed September 18, 2017 http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?mot813.

[7] James Currey, The Sudan Handbook (Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer Ltd, 2011), 208.

[8] James Currey, The Sudan Handbook (Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer Ltd, 2011), 208.

[9] James Currey, The Sudan Handbook (Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer Ltd, 2011), 208.

[10] “Malik Agar | Malik Aggar Eyre Gandof,” Sudan Tribune, Accessed September 18, 2017 http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?mot813.

[11] James Currey, The Sudan Handbook (Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer Ltd, 2011), 208.

[12] “EXCLUSIVE - Sudan: The Blue Nile’s Forgotten Rebellion,” REPORTERS, May 18, 2012, Accessed March 4, 2018, http://www.france24.com/en/20120518-reporters-sudan-south-sudanese-revolutionary-front-srf-omar-al-bashir-malik-agar-blue-nile-james-andre.