Name of leader          Mohammad Nabi Mohammadi   

 

Organization                    Harakat-i Inqilab-i Islami-yi Afghanistan

English Translation        Islamic Revolution Movement of Afghanistan                 

 

Conflict country              Afghanistan

 

Gender                              Male   

    

Year of birth                     1921[1]

 

Place of birth                   Province of Logar, Afghanistan[2]  

Year of death                   2002[3]

 

 

Deceased

 

Yes, he died in 2002 of tuberculosis.[4]

 

Birth order

 

His birth order is unknown.

 

Age at start of rebel leadership

 

He became leader in 1978, so at age 57.[5]

 

Leader entry method

 

He was designated leader.[6]

 

Powersharing

 

No, there is no evidence of powersharing.

 

Education (also name universities attended, if any); note any relevant experiences while a student

 

“He obtained his primary education from the religious scholars of Logar Laghman and Mydan, and he completed the religions education in 1953.”

 

Ever married? If yes, age of first marriage

 

Yes, he married after graduation from religious school[7], so at age 32.

 

Children

 

Yes, he had at least one son.[8]

 

Religious identification

 

He practiced Islam.

 

Elite family background

 

Yes, the “family of Mawlawi was the family of Knowledge and grace since his time, his father Mullah Mullah Abdul Wahab and his companions Mullah Abdul Rahim, Mullahsadgal and Mullah-e-Abdul Rashid were also the descendants of Fazlullah, who were performing religious services in their area.”[9]

 

Political affiliations and intellectual circles; note any relevant social connections made

 

Yes “In the [1950s], he was one of the first members of the religious establishment who agitated against leftist movement in the country. He was elected to the parliament in 1964 and became an MP.”[10]

 

Physical and mental health

 

There was no evidence that he was mentally unhealthy; however, he had physical health issues as he died as leader from tuberculosis. It is not clear how long he was sick though, so it probably did not affect most of the time while he was leader.[11]

 

Pre-militant leader occupation

 

His primary prior occupation was being an Islamic scholar and teacher.[12]

 

Experience in a state military, and role; any relevant social ties

 

No, there is no evidence of experience in a state military.

 

Experience in a nonstate military, and role; any relevant social ties

 

No, there is no evidence of experience in a nonstate military.

 

Combat experience prior to assuming resistance organization leadership?

 

No, there is no evidence of combat experience.

 

Held government position prior to assuming leadership?

 

Yes, he was elected to parliament in 1964.[13]

 

Lived in exile?

 

Yes, “In 1978, after the Saur Revolution, he fled to Pakistan and utilised a network of mawlavis to organize armed resistance against Kabul [sic] regime.”[14]

 

Study abroad?

 

No, there is no evidence he studied abroad.

 

Did the leader receive military training abroad?

 

No, there is no evidence of military training abroad.

 

Did the leader have extensive work experience abroad?

 

No, there is no evidence he had extensive work experience abroad.

 

Serve time in prison? Social connections during that time?

 

No, there is no evidence he served time in prison.

 

Was there an assassination attempt on the leader by the state?

 

No, there is no evidence of an assassination attempt by the state.

 

Cause of Death?

 

He died of disease.[15]

 

Primary language, and other languages spoken as adult

 

His spoke at Pashto and and likely Dari. [16]

 

[1]Image Credit: Wikimedia, "File:Molvi Mohammad Nabi Mohammaddi.jpg." "WikiMedia Commons, Accessed September 12, 2021, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Molvi_Mohammad_Nabi_Mohammadi.jpg.

 M.J. Gohari, The Taliban: Ascent to Power (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002), 23.

[2]  “Afghan Mujahideen leader dies," BBC News, April 22, 2002, Accessed February 27, 2017, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/1944244.stm.

[3] http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/1944244.stm.

[4] http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/1944244.stm.

[5]  Tom Lansford, Afghanistan at War: From the 18th-Century Durrani Dynasty to the 21st century (Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2017), 3.

[6] Ibid.

[7] “د مرحوم مولوي محمد نبي محمدي ژوند او مبارزې ته کتنه” [ Review of life and struggle of late Mawlawi Mohammad Nabi Mohammadi], nunn.asia, April 22, 2015, Accessed September 24, 2017, https://www.nunn.asia/42916/%D8%AF-%D9%85%D8%B1%D8%AD%D9%88%D9%85-%D9%85%D9%88%D9%84%D9%88%D9%8A-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%85%D8%AF-%D9%86%D8%A8%D9%8A-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%85%D8%AF%D9%8A-%DA%98%D9%88%D9%86%D8%AF-%D8%A7%D9%88-%D9%85%D8%A8%D8%A7/

[8] See f.n.7

[9] See f.n.8

[10] See f.n.1

[11] See f.n.2

[12] See f.n.3

[13] Ibid.

[14] Ibid.

[15] See f.n.2

[16] “Languages," Central Intelligence Agency, Accessed July 4, 2020, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/402.html