Name of leader         Francisco Mujica Garmendia

Nom de Guerre              Pakito

Organization                   Euskadi ta Askatasuna (ETA)

English Translation       Basque Homeland and Freedom      

 

Conflict country             Spain

 

Gender                             Male   

    

Year of birth                    1954[1]

 

Place of birth                 Ordizia, Spain[2]

Year of death                  N/A

 

Deceased

 

No; he has not died.

Birth order

His birth order is unknown.

Age at start of rebel leadership

In 1987, he became the leader at age 33.[3]

 

Leader entry method

 

He was designated/ appointed.[4]

 

Powersharing

 

No; there is no evidence of powersharing.

Education (also name universities attended, if any); note any relevant experiences while a student

His educational background is unknown.      

 

Ever married? If yes, age of first marriage

 

There is no evidence he is married.

 

Children

 

There is no evidence he has children.

 

Religious identification

 

He was Catholic.[5]

 

Family background

 

His family background is unknown.

 

Political affiliations and intellectual circles; note any relevant social connections made

 

No; there is no evidence of political affiliations.

 

Physical and mental health

 

No; there is no evidence of poor physical or mental health.

 

Pre-militant leader occupation

 

He was an activist. He joined ETA immediately after completing education.[6]

 

Experience in a state military, and role; any relevant social ties

 

No; there is no evidence of experience in a state military.

 

Experience in a nonstate military, and role; any relevant social ties

 

Yes; Garmendia led small militant efforts.

 

Combat experience prior to assuming resistance organization leadership?

 

Yes; he was active in the ETA, took part in Operation Ogre and in 1975 was in charge of the primary military actions.

 

Held government position prior to assuming leadership?

 

No; he did not hold a governmental position.

 

Lived in exile?

 

Yes, he gained political refugee status in France, before being expelled from there.[7]

 

Study abroad?

 

No; there is no evidence he studied abroad.

 

Did the leader receive military training abroad?

 

No; there is no evidence he received military training abroad.

 

Did the leader have extensive work experience abroad?

 

No; there is no evidence he had extensive work experience abroad.

Serve time in prison? Social connections during that time?

No; he did not serve time prior to becoming leader; later, in 2003, Spain sentenced him to prison for 2,354 years for his role in an attack on the barracks of Zaragoza.[8]

Was there an assassination attempt on the leader by the state?

No; there is no evidence of an assassination attempt by the state.

Cause of Death?

 

N/A

 

Primary language, and other languages spoken as adult

 

He spoke Basque and Spanish.

 

 

Image Credit: https://e00-elmundo.uecdn.es/elmundo/imagenes/2005/12/04/1133696000_extras_ladillos_1_0.jpg

[1] Robert P. Clark, The Basque Insurgents: ETA, 1952-1980 (Madison: The University of Wisconsin, 1984), 215.

[2] Robert P. Clark, The Basque Insurgents: ETA, 1952-1980 (Madison: The University of Wisconsin, 1984), 215.

[3] Francisco Mugica Garmendia," Aivit, October 25, 2013, Accessed January 16, 2017, http://www.aivit.org/327/.

[4] Francisco Mugica Garmendia," Aivit, October 25, 2013, Accessed January 16, 2017, http://www.aivit.org/327/.

[5] "Basques," Encyclopedia of World Cultures, Accessed January 29, 2017, http://www.encyclopedia.com/places/spain-portugal-italy-greece-and-balkans/spanish-and-portuguese-political-geography/basques.

[6] Robert P. Clark, The Basque Insurgents: ETA, 1952-1980 (Madison: The University of Wisconsin, 1984), 215.

[7] Robert P. Clark, The Basque Insurgents: ETA, 1952-1980 (Madison: The University of Wisconsin, 1984), 215.

[8] "'Pakito' y 'Fitipaldi', condenados a 2.354 aos por el atentado contra la casa cuartel de Zaragoza” [ 'Pakito' and 'Fittipaldi' sentenced to 2,354 years for the attack on the barracks of Zaragoza],  elmundo.es , June 3, 2003, Accessed February 06, 2017, http://www.elmundo.es/elmundo/2003/06/02/espana/1054569404.html.

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